Elizabeth of Luxembourg

Elizabeth of Luxembourg

For other people named Elisabeth of Luxembourg, see Elisabeth of Luxembourg (disambiguation).

Elizabeth of Luxembourg

Statue of Elizabeth at Hofkirche, Innsbruck

Queen consort of Hungary

Tenure
1437–1439

Coronation
1 January 1438, Székesfehérvár

Queen consort of Germany

Tenure
1438–1439

Queen consort of Bohemia

Tenure
1438–1439

Coronation
29 June 1438, Prague

Born
7 October 1409
Visegrád, Hungary

Died
19 December 1442(1442-12-19) (aged 33)
Győr, Hungary

Burial
Székesfehérvár Basilica, Hungary

Spouse
Albert II of Germany

Issue
Anne, Duchess of Luxembourg
Elizabeth, Queen of Poland
Ladislaus the Posthumous

House
House of Luxembourg

Father
Sigismund, Holy Roman Emperor

Mother
Barbara of Cilli

Religion
Roman Catholic

Elizabeth of Luxembourg (7 October 1409 – 19 December 1442) was queen consort of Germany, Hungary and Bohemia.
The only child of Holy Roman Emperor Sigismund, King of Hungary and Bohemia, Elizabeth was expected to ascend his thrones along with her husband, Albert of Austria. Her rights were ignored by the Hungarian nobility when Sigismund died in 1437 and only her husband was accepted as monarch, with Elizabeth as mere consort.
Albert died in 1439, leaving Elizabeth a pregnant dowager with two daughters, Anne and Elizabeth. Bohemian nobility proclaimed an interregnum, while King Vladislaus III of Poland was crowned new king of Hungary in May 1440, three months after Queen Elizabeth delivered a son, Ladislaus the Posthumous. She was determined to contend for her patrimony on her son’s behalf, which led to a civil war between hers and Vladislaus’ supporters. The conflict ended with the queen’s death at the age of 33. Vladislaus himself died in battle in 1444, opening the path for Elizabeth’s son to be recognized as king of Hungary.

Contents

1 Birth
2 Childhood
3 Marriage
4 Queenship
5 Widowhood
6 Family and claims to thrones
7 Ancestors
8 Notes
9 References
10 Further reading

Birth[edit]
Her real birth date can be calculated by virtue of a letter of King Sigismund to Kéméndi Petew fia János (John, son of Peter Kemendi), Lord-lieutenant of Zala County dated 26 April 1410 (sabbato post festum s. Georgii) at Végles, Hungary (now Vígľaš, Slovakia) and sealed with Queen Barbara’s seal, who also stayed there and in which the king informs him about his daughter’s birth alias circa festum beati Francisci confessoris.[1][2] Because this feast falls on 4 October, it must have h
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